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Technical Information - Types of Timber


Oak (American Red)

Wood type Hardwood
Distribution Eastern Canada and USA. In Canada it is more abundant than white oak, and covers a wider range.
The Tree The trees vary according to species but average about 18m to 21 m in height with a diameter of 1.0m.
The Timber The timber varies in colour from pink to pale reddish-brown, there is usually a reddish cast to the wood although sometimes it approaches white oak in colour. The large rays do not produce such an attractive figure as they do in white oak, and generally speaking, the wood is coarser in texture. The quality of red oak depends greatly on growth conditions, northern red oak. With its comparatively slow rate of growth, compares favorably with northern white oak, while red oak from the southern States is generally of faster growth, and consequently more coarse and open in texture. Red oak weighs about 790 kg/m3 when dried
Drying Dries slowly with a tendancy to warp and split, particularly on end grain.
Strength Similar to European Oak
Treatability Difficult
Moisture Movement Medium
Density 790kg/m3
Texture Medium  
Use(s) Joinery - Interior, Furniture & flooring
Colour(s) Pink/pale, reddish brown